The music set the rhythm, style of play and energy of the game. Three main style of song weave together the structure of the capoeira roda and it understood on a subconscious level bringing together group cohesion and dynamic. The music of Capoeira creates a sacred space through both the physical act of forming a circle (the roda) and an aural space that is believed to connect to the spirit world.
-Drums (the atabaque or conga of Yoruba candomble)
-Berimbau (whose ealier forms were used to in rituals in Africa in speaking with ancestors.)
-The term axe (siginifies the life force, the invocation of both Afro-Brazilian & Catholic sprituality and certain semi-ritualized movements used in Capoeira Angola that bring "spiritual protection." -
-agogo ((Yoruba: agogo, meaning bell) is a single or multiple bell now used throughout the world but with origins in traditional Yoruba music and also in the samba baterias (percussion ensembles). The agogô may be the oldest samba instrument and was based on West African Yoruba single or double bells. The agogô has the highest pitch of any of the bateria instruments.
-reco-reco (notched wooden tube similar to aguiro)
Berimbaus preside over the roda, rhythmic combinations suggest variations in movement style between the two players in the roda. The roda begins and ends at the discretion of the lead berimbau player , determines who plays next, sets the tempo of music, and sends a calming effect onto the players to maintain peace within the roda. Music is the heart beat, and the full body Capoeira you can't have one without the other.
Capoeira Rules de Mestre Bimba:
1. Quit Smoking. It is prohibited to smoke during the training.
2. Quit drinking, alcohol is bad for your metabolism.
3. Avoid showing off your progress to your friends outside the roda. Remember, the element of surprise is the best ally in a fight.
4. Avoid conversation while training. You are paying with your time and by observing the other capoeiristas, you will learn more.
5. Always pratice the ginga.
6. Practice the fundamental exercises daily.
7. Do not be afraid to get close to your opponent. The closer you are the more you will learn.
8. Keep your body relaxed.
9. It is better to get beat up in the roda than on the streets.
The name "Cais Da Bahia" is a reference to the place where the first blacks from Africa landed. Africans brought with them customs and beliefs, which over time were planted and rooted in Braizilian soil, generating a strong tree. With the help and influence of other traditions bore the fruit of a culture with fashion. colors and flavors unrivaled.
Mestre Bimba 11/23/1899-/2/5/1974
Manoel dos Reis Machado, commonly called Mestre Bimba (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈmɛstɾi ˈbĩbɐ]; a mestre (a master practitioner) of the African-Brazilian martial art of "capoeira".
Birth of the regional style
Capoeira regional is established
In 1936, Bimba challenged fighters of any martial art style to test his regional style. He had four matches, fighting against Vítor Benedito Lopes, José Custódio dos Santos ("Zé I") and Américo Ciência. Bimba won all matches.
On June 9, 1937, he earned the state board of education certificate. and officially registered the 1st Capoeira center.